Obsidiana 'Obsidian' is a naturally formed volcanicglass that was an important part of the material culture of Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica.
It is clear that obsidian was a critical material in pre-columbian meso-american economies; it is ubiquitous throughout the region, and found in the material record of all cultures and time periods. In pre-hispanic cultures, obsidian has without a doubt been the most important raw material. The ancient artisans dedicated to this material handcrafted objects such as: Domestic, Artisanal, Medicinal, Religious, and for Military uses dating back to 400 BC.
One example is the presence of Pachuca obsidian from central Mexico, where Mexico City is now, and ostensibly under the control of Teotihuacan, in the Maya area during theEarly Classic. While the Maya had access to a number of local obsidian sources more readily available and (relatively) easily obtained, including El Chayal its main source, Pachuca obsidian remained an important trade good. TheOlmec, from the Gulf coast likewise obtained its obsidian also from El Chayal inGuatemala. It is unclear if trade for foreign obsidian contributed to the growth of Maya polities, or if it simply served as a mode for obtaining superior items or human labor. Generally, obsidian came into the Maya area via larger central places, such as Tikal,Uaxactun, andPalenque. Obsidian artifacts and tools were then redistributed to smaller and potentially dependent centers and communities.
This Collection was designed to show love and respect to these beautiful cultures Olmec, Maya, Mexica, and Aztec.